So Why Does Texas Get Associated With Cattle So Often?
The French Parthenais Herdbook, established in 1893, is one of the oldest in France.
In 1970, the breed society established a program of breed improvement with particular emphasis on the production of high-quality beef. Today this program continues.
Cows are culled intensively, as well as bulls. The calving ability of each cow is assessed, noting the growth and quality of her calf, with the poorer producers eliminated to slaughter. This process continues with the second and third calves.
The females that make it through the third calf now have documented proof of their transmitting ability, their high fertility, and good maternal characteristics. Only the top females at this stage are retained as breeding stock. Of these, a select few …. because of their conformation and performance …. attain the status of “elite” cows. It is from these elite cows that breeding bull selections are made.
In France, mature cows are well framed, very attractive animals, the best of which weigh up to 1,600 pounds, whereas top bulls are very impressive and weigh up to 2,600 pounds. The cows are a reddish buckskin color. The bulls are darker with dark brown or black coloring on the neck, around the eyes, ears, and jaws. The face is light, lighter around the muzzle, and the nose, hooves, and tail are black.
Parthenais full-blood cattle display heavy muscling, although they are not extreme. A Parthenais has a high muscle-to-bone ratio, and purebreds will dress out over 67% while full-bloods cut out at over 77%. French government statistics show Parthenais to be highly productive, fertile producers of the high quality, lean meat preferred by the best restaurants in Paris.
Calving surveys reveal that 94% of full-bloods are unassisted. Crossbred calves born in Canada and the U.S. have required little or no assistance. One group of first-class Limousin heifers in Texas delivered over thirty calves unassisted, including one set of twins.
The Charter Membership meeting of the Parthenais Cattle Breeders Association Of America, Inc. was held in Houston, Texas, on February 20, 1995, with close to 40 ranchers in attendance from Tennessee, Missouri, Nebraska, Texas, Iowa, Wisconsin, California, Canada, and England. Directors, officers, and committees were elected and bylaws approved.
Membership is open to all who are interested in PARTHENAIS with Active, Associate and Youth members. The Parthenais Cattle Breeders Association of America, Inc. is exempt from Federal income tax under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code and is solely “Dedicated To The Promotion Of Parthenais Cattle” All dues, fees, or charges further enhance the ability to meet this goal in America and worldwide.
Feedlot performance, carcass data, calving records, and availability of full-bloods, embryos, and bull semen for sale is constantly being updated. A current list of member PARTHENAIS breeders with addresses and telephone numbers is available so that you can visit and see this new breed. The slogan of the French Breed Society is “Uneviande hors du common” or loosely translated, “A Cut Above The Rest”!